Eligibility & Processes

Program Eligibility

Drug Court allows eligible defendants to enter the program one of three ways:

  • Diversion based on approved local procedures
  • As a condition of probation
  • Through deferred prosecution

The program consists of three phases and aftercare and can be completed in a minimum of 18 months for participants with felony convictions and 15 months for those convicted of misdemeanors. However, it takes an average of 22 to 25 months to complete the program.

There are no direct costs to participate in Drug Court. However, the treatment provider may require a minimal co-payment for substance abuse treatment services.

Phase I: Stabilization Phase

  • Provide at least three random urine drug/alcohol screens per week.
  • Attend at least three clinical contact hours per week.
  • Attend one court session each week.
  • Obtain and/or maintain court-approved, full-time employment, training or education.
  • Obtain and/or maintain court-approved housing.
  • Make arrangements to pay court obligations.
  • Have at least one individual contact with Drug Court staff each week.
  • Demonstrate an initial understanding of substance abuse treatment.
  • Enroll and attend a self-help program, such as a 12-step program.
  • Be drug free for at least 30 consecutive days before being considered for promotion to the next phase.

Phase II: Education Phase

  • Provide at least two random urine drug/alcohol screens per week.
  • Attend at least two clinical contact hours per week.
  • Attend one court session every two weeks.
  • Maintain court-approved, full-time employment, training or education.
  • Maintain court-approved housing.
  • Continue paying court obligations.
  • Have at least one individual contact with Drug Court staff each week.
  • Demonstrate an appropriate understanding of recovery principles.
  • Continue to attend self-help programs, such as a 12-step program.
  • Be drug free for the final 90 consecutive days before being considered for promotion to the next phase.

Phase III: Self-Motivational Phase

  • Provide at least one random urine/drug screen per week.
  • Attend at least one clinical contact hour per week.
  • Attend one court session every three weeks.
  • Maintain court-approved, full-time employment, training or education.
  • Maintain court-approved housing.
  • Continue paying court obligations.
  • Have at least one individual contact with Drug Court staff each week.
  • Demonstrate an appropriate understanding of a recovery lifestyle.
  • Continue to attend self-help programs, such as a 12-step program.
  • Be drug free for 90 consecutive days, for a total of 180 consecutive days for Phases II and III, before being considered for aftercare.

Successful Completion of Program

Participants will have successfully completed Drug Court when it is determined that they have:

  • Completed all three phases of Drug Court.
  • Completed aftercare.
  • Paid all restitution owed, if feasible, considering the amount owed and the time in Drug Court.
  • Remained drug free for a minimum of 180 consecutive days.
  • Have no pending criminal charges, costs, fines or fees.

Benefits of Completing Program

In addition to the benefits of leading a recovery lifestyle, the participants who successfully complete the program may be eligible for legal relief. Those who entered the program:

  • As a result of a diversion agreement may be eligible to have their charges dismissed and their record expunged.
  • On the probation track may be eligible to have the remainder of their probationary period conditionally discharged.
  • Through deferred prosecution may be eligible to have their charges dismissed.